The process involving cutting, bending and assembling of metals into different shapes and sizes is called metal fabrication. Usually, it is in a fabrication and machine shop where this work is done and there are various tools and processes like forming and welding are being performed.
Fabrication methods can also be specialized and these are brazing, shearing, forming, extrusion, forging, heat treatment, powder coating, casting, spinning, and chipping, just to mention a few. Some forms of specialization which are of higher level are named to be electrical, machine design, and hydraulics.
Metal fabrication uses several raw materials like plate metal, formed metal, tube stock, square stock, welding wire, castings, hardware and fittings. To complete the processes of metal fabrication, it would undergo several stages, from cutting and burning, to forming, machining, welding and final assembly.
Different machines and structures construction are some of the output in the use of metal fabrication. Sheet metal and stainless steel are the popular choices of raw materials for metal fabrication, and these are used to produce different consumer and industrial products like loose parts, building frames for structures and machines.
To produce the sheet metal, the metal is formed into pieces of thin and flat metals in several thicknesses called its gauge, and these can now be cut and bended into different sizes and shapes.
Aside from the flat pieces, sheet metal is also produced in coiled strips which are usually made out of metals of aluminum, brass, copper, steel, tin, nickel and titanium. Other materials like gold, silver, and platinum are used for purposes of decoration.
Other uses of sheet metal fabrication are in the construction of products like bodies of cars, materials for building, and equipment for food processing and other things.
The composition of stainless steel is of an alloy of iron, chromium and other elements in different amounts, thereby making is very strong, resistant to corrosion and stain, and maintenance is very low. Since it is completely recyclable, this material is used in things that would need its property.
Stainless steel has various grades and surface finishes depending on where you want it to be used, and these finishes are brushed finish, satin, mirror, and the coarse finish.
The very intensive process involving metal fabrication makes it an important component in the manufacturing of many industrial and consumer products. Many of the things that we use every day are manufactured using the main applications of metal fabrication which are the sheet metal fabrication and the stainless steel fabrication.
The protection of metal can be your choice depending on your need and budget, and so after the metal underwent cutting, joining and welding, you can decide if you will have it powder coated or sandblasted.